>1956 Southern Manifesto
The Southern Manifesto of 1956
March 12, 1956
The Southern Manifesto of 1956
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Howard Smith of Virginia, chairman of the House Rules Committee, routinely used his influential position to thwart civil rights legislation. Smith often shuttered committee operations by retreating to his rural farm to avoid deliberations on pending reform bills.
On this date, Howard Smith of Virginia, chairman of the House Rules Committee, introduced the Southern Manifesto in a speech on the House Floor. Formally titled the "Declaration of Constitutional Principles," it was signed by 82 Representatives and 19 Senators-roughly one-fifth of the membership of Congress and all from states that had once composed the Confederacy. It Marked a moment of southern defiance against the Supreme Court's 1954 landMarkBrown v. the Board of Education of Topeka (KS) decision, which determined that separate school facilities for black and white school children were inherently unequal. The Manifesto attacked Brown as an abuse of judicial power that trespassed upon states' rights. It urged southerners to exhaust all "lawful means" to resist the "chaos and confusion" that would result from school desegregation. Smith had cooperated with several Senators to develop the Manifesto, and Walter F. George of Georgia introduced it in the other chamber. Under Smith, the Rules Committee became a graveyard for numerous civil rights initiatives in the 1950s. In his prefatory reMarks, Smith declared that the ship of state had "drifted from her moorings," and described the high court's record on civil rights as one of "repeated deviation" from the fundamental separation of powers and constitutionally implied autonomy of the states. A small group of southern Members rose on the House Floor to applaud Smith's brief speech; no Member rose to speak against it.
Related Highlight Subjects
Artifacts in the House Collection
Committee on Rules
#13000892 at 2021-02-19 16:44:59 (UTC+1) Q Research General #16558: Everything in Texas is Big, Including Elec Bills Edition
#11605878 at 2020-11-12 09:15:34 (UTC+1) Q Research General #14817: ELITE Numbers ACCESS ALL AREAS Edition
SOUTH AFRICAN LINKS KEEP COMING UP.
NEED A DIGG ON HERMES TRUST, INVESTEC BANK.
What is the salary of MarkBrown?
As the Independent Non-Executive Director of Investec plc, the total compensation of MarkBrown at Investec plc is GBX118,000. There are 8 executives at Investec plc getting paid more, with Fani Titi having the highest compensation of $1,332,000.
#9585924 at 2020-06-12 16:20:42 (UTC+1) Q Research General #12269: Sydney Fighting For Freedom Edition
I think it is important for The Baltimore Sun to remind its readers on how it reported the official dedication of the Lee/Jackson Monument on May 2, 1948. A crowd of 3,000 came to the Wyman Park dedication to lots of pomp and fanfare. I believe what was said then must be taken into historical context. The dedication words were spoken from the heart by two of Maryland's most revered politicians during the height of Jim Crow here in Charm City and six years before the landMarkBrown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court ruling.
Here is what Mayor Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr., then mayor of Baltimore, and father of House Minority leader Nancy Pelosi said at the dedication, accepting the statue as the official representative of Baltimore:
"World Wars I and II found the North and South fighting for a common cause, and the generalship and military science displayed by these two great men in the War between the States lived on and were applied in the military plans of our nation in Europe and the Pacific areas.
"Today with our nation beset by subversive groups and propaganda which seeks to destroy our national unity, we can look for inspiration to the lives of Lee and Jackson to remind us to be resolute and determined in preserving our sacred institutions.
"We must remain steadfast in our determination to preserve freedom, not only for ourselves, but for other liberty-loving nations who are striving to preserve their national unity as free nations. In these days of uncertainty and turmoil, Americans must emulate Jackson's example and stand like a stone wall against aggression in any form that would seek to destroy the liberty of the world."
#6783933 at 2019-06-19 02:14:18 (UTC+1) Q Research General #8677: POTUS Rockstar Rally ON! Edition
Mister Sam Blended Whiskey
Made to honor Sam Bronfman.
Sazerac is the next Seagrams.
Swamp as fuck.
Sazerac Company was CREATED on the wealth generated by a group of seagrams distributors!
Magnolia Marketing Company and the Goldring family.
This is sketchy as fuck.
Who is MarkBrown?
Why? Who did he work for? Where did he come from?
#6775457 at 2019-06-18 02:39:54 (UTC+1) Q Research General #8666: 17 States Edition
Treasury Department recommends 'mandatory' financial literacy courses for college students
Colleges should provide lessons in mandatory financial literacy courses and financial-aid letters that itemize attendance costs, according to a new report from a federal government commission.
The Financial Literacy and Education Commission - a group including the Treasury Department and the Department of Education - said such best practices are especially important now that Americans have become bogged down in $1.5 trillion in student-loan debt.
"Helping students and their families avoid the pitfalls associated with financing higher education, and empowering them to make optimal financial choices, should be a priority of all institutions of higher education," said the report released Friday. Excessive debts can stunt budding careers and possibly cut into future savings, the commission said.
- Financial-aid offer letters should have "an itemized and sub-totaled cost of attendance" that discusses the direct costs paid to colleges for things like tuition and other indirect costs. The costs should also be calculated "after grants and scholarships are applied." Currently, "award letters are sometimes unclear, leaving students with inadequate information to make financial decisions."
- There should be a "broad adoption" of debt letters in higher education. The letters tell student borrowers the debts they've incurred annually and what their expected future repayment amount will look like. Debt letters are already required in 12 states. The letters should spell out repayment options, estimate how much interest will pile up if payments are deferred and provide average entry-level salaries for graduates with the same sort of major.
- Financial literacy courses should be required. If classes are optional, they might not "reach students who may be unaware of them or who do not value the benefits of financial education." The report admitted it could be tough finding the right teachers because the subject isn't a focus at most schools. Alternative instructors could be trained students, financial-aid officers and outside financial professionals, the report said.
MarkBrown, chief operating officer at Federal Student Aid, an office of the U.S. Department of Education, said, "The Department is committed to improving student financial literacy so students and their families are empowered to make better and more informed decisions about their education."
He added, "The department also plays a critical role in financial literacy and that is why we are implementing the Next Gen FSA initiative and modernizing the user experience to include personalized tools regarding student borrowing and financial decisions."
The report comes while many Americans are struggling with their debt obligations - not to mention a grasp of financial literacy basics. A mere 28% of students could correctly answer three questions on inflation, interest and risk diversification, it added. Students had slim understanding of their education loans, the report noted.
That dearth of knowledge is on display elsewhere. About half of college students in a 25,000-student survey answered two or fewer questions correctly on a recent six-question quiz.
Some higher education institutions are already teaching financial skills - including Harvard University. Billy Hensley, president and CEO of National Endowment for Financial Education, said there's national momentum for teaching more financial skills on campus. Apart from higher education, there are 19 states with financial literacy education requirements for kindergartners through twelfth graders, he noted.
Lawmakers required the Financial Literacy and Education Commission, a 16-year-old entity, to report on best practices for college financial literacy in connection with a 2018 law amending parts of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said, "It is vital for our higher education institutions to offer students the resources and information they need to make financial decisions that best fit their needs and career aspirations." The report, according to him, was a "great guide for colleges and universities to help them improve their students' financial outcomes."
Rachel Fishman, deputy director for higher education research at the think tank New America, said the recommendations were a good step, but only went so far.
The report reflected a "general sense there's a student-loan crisis going on" - and it's hitting some segments harder than others, such as African-American borrowers.
#6439096 at 2019-05-07 21:30:44 (UTC+1) Q Research General #8234: Be Best Edition
Top anon here. MarkBrown of Sazerac company.
4am talking points.
#6438646 at 2019-05-07 20:40:27 (UTC+1) Q Research General #8233: The Storm Is Here, Nowhere to Hide Edition
>>6438377 MarkBrown as in Owsley Brown? As in father of Brooke Brown Barzun. Wife of Matthew Barzun. Former US Ambassador to Sweden and UK and of the publishing house Gannett?
#6438377 at 2019-05-07 20:07:09 (UTC+1) Q Research General #8233: The Storm Is Here, Nowhere to Hide Edition
Who is Sazerac? MarkBrown?
History of the term Sazerac?
History of New Orleans?
Fleur de Lis.
STZ and Sazerac
Spain and France.
Who is Jed Bush's wife? Born where? Controlled by who?
This is the shadow connections between Cartels, Royal $$$ and power over the people, and US pols specifically along the border.
Bush et. al in Texas (Think Mrs. Maduro, think Rails)
Pelosi et. al. in CA
Parisian bankers sure did love railroads.
[P] was no different.
This is starting to connect NAPA dig to STZ dig to BOURBON dig.
MAP it anons.
#5862847 at 2019-03-24 16:16:25 (UTC+1) Q Research General #7500: Good Morning, Have A Great Day! Edition
A $5,000 check sent to former Gov. Ed Rendell each month is raising questions that the recent chair of the Democratic National Committee is connected to a possible money laundering operation.
Rendell told Philly.com that he began receiving the payments about seven months ago as part of an advisory committee to the Best Sunshine Live casino, located on the U.S. island of Saipan and run by MarkBrown, who once ran President-elect Donald Trump's Atlantic City casinos.
Bloomberg revealed he was on the casino payroll as part of a report suggesting the wildly profitable casino's revenue appears far too high.
The former governor said he doubts the casino is a money laundering front, and a casual conversation with Brown was enough to vet Best Sunshine Live for him.
He explained to Bloomberg he was brought on to provide guidance on American regulations, although a vacation pushed him to sign on.
#2723777 at 2018-08-24 19:01:17 (UTC+1) Q Research General #3440: We're Having A Lot Of Fun Edition
A number of breads back, anon made a posting about Imperial Pacific having assets frozen and a letter from Henry Chang stating they were wrong on getting workers paid. So, what's up with that?
Reasons attributed to feds raiding were because of a construction worker death. Normally, OSHA, would take those and not FBI. I mean who wouldn't want to go to Saipan.
MarkBrown, a former executive at Trump Hotels and Casino Resorts, serves as chairman of Imperial Pacific. Former CIA director James Woolsey, who advised the Trump campaign on national security matters, sits on the company's board.
Former FBI Director Louis Freeh, former Democratic National Committee Chairman and Pennsylvania Gov. Ed Rendell and former Mississippi Gov. Haley Barbour, who helmed the Republican National Committee, are members of the company's advisory panel.
Interesting names there. Ed Rendell has popped a time or two for Haiti, so now I have to wonder. And there is Haley Barbour who has also been shown to have Russian lobbying ties with his outfit.
Rendell's intervention in Haiti was not the only human trafficking scandal tied to the former DNC Chair. Bloomberg reported on allegations of "systemic human smuggling" of forced laborers and money laundering documented in relation to a Saipan casino project by Hong Kong-based Imperial Pacific, controlled by Chinese billionaire Cui Lijie. The New York Times wrote that Rendell served on the company's Advisory Committee. Bloomberg reported that others involved with Imperial Pacific included former Directors of the FBI and CIA, former Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour and a former executive in President Donald Trump's Atlantic City casino business.
And then Woolsey as he pops up in the board of Imp. Pacific..
Robert James Woolsey is on the board of Imperial Pacific International Holdings Ltd. and Sonitus Technologies, Inc. and Principal at Flynn Intel Group, Inc.
In the past Mr. Woolsey occupied the position of Director-Central Intelligence at Central Intelligence Agency (United States) and Partner at Shea & Gardner.
Mr. Woolsey received an undergraduate degree from Stanford University, a graduate degree from the University of Oxford and a graduate degree from Yale Law School.
Woolsey said Flynn began the Nov. 14 phone call, which occurred a couple of days before Flynn was formally named national security adviser, by saying the Trump administration would be "restructuring the intelligence community" and asked if he would "be willing to be director of the CIA."
"I asked him a couple of questions about how things would work," Woolsey said. "It was quite clear that he was going to be national security adviser, of course, and he expected the CIA director to report to him."
As Director of the CIA, Woolsey was notable for having had limited access to President Bill Clinton. According to journalist Richard Miniter:
Never once in his two-year tenure did CIA director James Woolsey ever have a one-on-one meeting with Clinton. Even semi-private meetings were rare. They only happened twice. Woolsey told me: "It wasn't that I had a bad relationship with the president. It just didn't exist."
And then back to Barbours/Alfa Bank…
By the Democratic National Convention, rigged against rival Bernie Sanders to guarantee the nomination of Hillary Clinton, her campaign team had foreknowledge of the Russian preference for Donald Trump, and the source of that information was obviously the CIA-DOJ team, which included the Ohrs. Besides intelligence gathering from Russian sources, Open Source Works also had the technical capability to launch cyber attacks against the DNC, leaving behind bread crumbs from a faked Russian hack. This illicit political invervention also had support in London, Moscow and Kiev, due to the DOJ-FBI and State Department contracts with Steele's Orbis Intelligence group. In reality, there probably was next to nothing in direct Russian involvement. One of the supposed Russian-sponsored "fake news" centers turned out to be a USAID-Soros dominated region in Macedonia. On closer inspection, the entire Russian election interference is turning out to be an false-flag creation out of Langley and the RFK building.
Welcome back my friends to the show that never ends….
#1543095 at 2018-05-26 02:35:14 (UTC+1) Q Research General #1939: Excavating Epstein
Trump: Chicago police 'have every right to legally protest against the mayor
President Trump on Friday expressed for Chicago police officers who have been protesting the city government over contract negotiations.
"Chicago Police have every right to legally protest against the mayor and an administration that just won't let them do their job," the president tweeted Friday evening, just two days after police officers stormed Chicago City Hall in protest.
Chicago Police have every right to legally protest against the mayor and an administration that just won't let them do their job. The killings are at a record pace and tough police work, which Chicago will not allow, would bring things back to order fast…the killings must stop!
"The killings are at a record pace and tough police work, which Chicago will not allow, would bring things back to order fast…the killings must stop!" he continued.
Several hundred off-duty officers and members of the Fraternal Order of Police marched to City Hall on Wednesday during a city council meeting to protest Mayor Rahm Emanuel's lack of action on a police contract, which expired 11 months ago.
Several hundred Chicago police protest outside City Hall after telling Mayor Rahm Emanuel: "You have turned your back on police." pic.twitter.com/H0STn9czxH
- MarkBrown (@MarkBrownCST) May 23, 2018
With growing frustrations, union members are accusing Emanuel, who is up for re-election, of turning his back on his city's police force.
Another source of strife has been the outrage surrounding Robert Rialmo, an officer who was placed on desk-duty following his involvement in the 2015 fatal shooting of a bat-wielding teenager and bystander - at the protest, some police chanted "Justice for Rialmo!" in support of their colleague.
"You are more concerned with consent decrees, settlements, pandering to police-hating groups than negotiating a contract with us," FOP Vice President Patrick Murray said, according to the Chicago Tribune. "Our members are starting to believe you have no intention of negotiating a contract with us until after the next election."
Trump has repeatedly denounced the high crime rates in Chicago over the course of his administration.
#1097034 at 2018-04-19 05:07:05 (UTC+1) Q Research General #1369: Q Calls Fake & Gay
However, the raid could be unrelated to IPI's gaming operations. A representative of the construction firm hired by IPI to build its permanent Saipan casino claimed the raid was related to last week's death of a construction worker at the building site.
Earlier this week, Saipan politicians had expressed concerns regarding potential safety violations at the building site and the CNMI Department of Labor is reportedly conducting its own investigation into the incident. Last week IPI chairman MarkBrown expressed concern about reports of workers who "infringe the law."
IPI has been frantically trying to complete its Imperial Pacific Resort Hotel Saipan by this Friday's stated deadline. Earlier this week, IPI declared that the new casino would be "opened to the public," although the announcement failed to indicate whether the casino would actually be operational. It's equally unclear what effect Thursday's raid might have on the opening.
BEST SUNSHINE SETTLES EX-VP'S LAWSUIT
In a (perhaps) curious bit of timing, Danny Ewing, the former VP of table games operation at Best Sunshine Live, has reportedly settled the wrongful termination lawsuit he brought against IPI last December. The Marianas Variety reported that a settlement conference had resulted in the warring parties reaching a deal, the details of which will be filed in court next week.
Ewing had claimed he was fired last August after refusing to go along with IPI advising VIP gamblers how to structure financial transactions to avoid US federal reporting thresholds. IPI rejected the allegations, saying it has always complied with its regulatory obligations.
8kun Midnight Riders Posts (1)
#9812 at 2020-11-12 09:43:25 (UTC+1) QR Midnight Riders #42: Set Election Controls For the Heart of "We The People" Edition
George Soros & Sir Mark Malloch Brown
David Rhodes | Sunday, May 20, 2007
Willie Sutton was an all-American bank robber who had a few words of advice for those who wanted to be rich in the 1930s: "I go where the money is."
If it was true for the original "Slick Willie," it is equally true for George Soros and his friend Mark Malloch Brown in 2007.
George Soros was born in Hungary on Aug. 12, 1930, and came to the U.S. in 1956 after getting a degree from the London School of Economics. He turned a little of his own money into an enormous fortune through his skills in managing hedge funds and currency trading.
Soros is best known as the president of his own hedge fund, the Quantum Fund, and president of the Open Society Institute. He has been married and divorced twice and had three children by his first wife, Annaliese, and two by his second, Susan. His two eldest sons, Robert and Jonathan, are active in the Soros Fund. Soros is also a prolific, but little-read, author, a less-than-articulate public speaker and an inveterate meddler.
George Soros, who will be 77 in August, is, according to the gossip columns, dating Queen Noor, 55, of Jordan, the widow of King Hussein. Other recent girlfriends of the philanthropist are said to include violinist Jennifer Chun and a former Miss Russia, Anna Malova.
One time Soros made himself a $1 billion profit when the British pound was devalued. With the profit went a pseudo-title, "the man who broke the Bank of England." Reports say that last year the Quantum Fund paid him $7 million.
Soros is now said to have amassed a fortune of $7 billion and uses masses of dollars for the sole purpose of bringing about the political defeat of President George W. Bush and the dismissal of Republicans from any American affairs of state. To observers, his tactics appear to consist of the purchase of the Democratic Party and of many of their causes.
Soros did not learn the tricks and turns of politics and currency trading at the London School of Economics. In fact, he is remembered there as someone who had so many part-time jobs that his fellow students would keep notes for him and help him out with homework when he missed classes. Over the years, he learned the maxim that money and the delusion of wisdom comes from information and that money can buy information.
And if like Soros, you make several fortunes from international dealing, what and where is the best information foundâ€˘ The offices and committee rooms of the United Nations in New York and the World Bank Group in Washington.
Hence, it was no surprise when, early this month, Soros announced that he was bringing into his organization an old friend who had filled a number of posts over the years, through which it was possible to have contributed to the collection of the Soros billions.
The posts involved deputy secretary-general of the United Nations, chief of Cabinet to the U.N. secretary-general and administrator of the United Nations Development Programme. Earlier posts included vice president for External Affairs at the World Bank and the bank's director of External Affairs. In preparation for these elite appointments was a 10-year stint with an international consulting group that specialized in advice to reformist and socialist candidates for heads of state in Latin America, Eastern Europe and Asia.
Each and every one of these posts has been held by a good friend of George Soros, Sir Mark Malloch Brown. In 2006, ostensibly for his services to Britain, Sir Brown was made a Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George - a KCMG - by the queen of England.
A KCMG in England is awarded only to the most senior of civil servants. They are then called "Sir" rather than "Mr.," wear fancy, colorful clothing at some state events and become even more impressed with their own self-importance. Thus, the initials of the order are usually known as "Kindly Call Me God" - although never by a recipient.
The son of a South African diplomat, MarkBrown was born and grew up in Zimbabwe (when it was known as Rhodesia), was educated in England at Marlborough College and took a history degree at Magdalene College, Cambridge.
He now lives with his wife, Patricia ("Trish" to George Soros and other friends), who is a vice chairman of Refugees International, and their four children in a five-bedroom house on a near-five-acre estate in Katonah, in upstate New York. The estate belongs to George Soros, who charges Mark $10,000 a month rent, some $5,000 less than a previous tenant.
"Sir" Mark querulously defends this rent by saying that he pays the utilities.
As of now, Brown is "interacting" with Yale University students and faculty at the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization as a distinguished visiting fellow. Instead of concentrating on writing a book on globalization, he had been in Washington leading the charge against former World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz.